The U.S. passed its Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882; Canada too had their own form of Chinese exclusion. Like its neighbors to the south, Canada used Chinese labor to help build the Canadian Pacific Railway from 1881-1885. As the railway neared completion, there was a fear that Chinese laborers would take jobs from Canadian citizens. In response, Canada passed the Chinese Immigration Act in 1885. While the act did not ban Chinese immigration outright as its U.S. counterpart had done, it did levy a fee known as a “head tax” on any Chinese immigrating to the country. The high fee was intended to cause enough financial hardship as to deter poorer Chinese immigrants seeking a better livelihood in North America. The tax was set at $50 when the act was passed, but when the tax failed to deter enough people, it was quickly raised to $100 in 1900 and $500 in 1903 (equivalent to 2 years’ salary), at which point Chinese immigration slowed. But the tax still did not deter as many immigrants as desired, so on July 1, 1923, the head tax was abolished and a new law was put into place that simply banned Chinese immigration to Canada. The ban was not lifted until 1947.
July 1st was known as Dominion Day (now Canada Day) but the Chinese communities at the time simply referred to it as “humiliation day.”
Countdown to the TCS NYC Marathon on November 3, 2019: 216 Days.
2019年是美国第一条横贯大陆铁路建成150周年，为了纪念第一批华人来美建设这条铁路所做出的巨大贡献， MOCA将其2019 TCS NYC Marathon的活动命名为 MOCA Spike 150 – Running Forward With Our Stories！ 鼓励大家通过马拉松公益跑，全国线上接力，以及一天一个故事的方式讲述150个华人的历史故事，敬请大家持续关注， 讲出华人自己的故事，回顾过去，立足现在，展望未来，共同书写美国历史，使之更加充实完整。